Welfare and Benefits
The following mechanisms of social security are in place in Armenia.
Disability groups are determined by Medical-Social Examination Agencies (MSEA), functioning within the system of
the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of Armenia.
To receive disability status, persons with disabilities should apply to the local polyclinic and undergo medical examinations. Where relevant, the polyclinic provides a referral (Form No.88) to the MSEA. The MSEA makes the final decision on whether or not a person is entitled for a disability status and defines the person's disability group.
The first disability
group is determined for two years, and the second and
third groups – for one year. If either for the last
7 years the first or the second group was determined
for a disabled person, or over 15 years – the third
group was determined, then a disability group is given
for life. A disability group for life is also given
in cases if, according to the conclusions of MSEA, irreversible
changes have taken place in a person's organism, and
when entering the pension age. In case of disagreement
with the decision of the local MSEA, one can appeal
against it in the republican MSEA, and in case of disagreement
with the decision of the latter ? law proceeding/trial
can be initiated.
People with disability group 1 and 2 can enjoy free
pass in the city electron transport. Medical care for
the disabled people’s must be free and provided by the
state. It should mentioned that this regulation of the
law, however, is frequently violated in practice.
Disability pensions/benefits are granted to
1) Persons with 1st group disabilities and children with disabilities in the amount of 140% of the basic pension.
2) Persons with 2nd group disabilities in the amount 120% of the basic pension.
3) Persons with 3rd group disabilities in the amount of 100% of the basic pension.