Accessibility


Transport

The absence of accessible transport is one of most serious problems for wheelchair users. Abroad a certain part of public transport is necessarily adapted for access of people using wheelchairs. Buses are equipped with various kinds of elevators (most often, sliding ramps (see photo) or platforms-elevators. There is reserved space for disabled people with a grab and a button by pressing on which the wheelchair user signals the driver that he/she is going to get off the bus. In some cities there are wheelchair accessible taxis (no special devices are provided; the compartment is wide enough and the drivers are trained to assist people in wheelchairs.

In Armenia there is no accessible public transport. As to the taxi, even this expensive means of transport is not always accessible for wheelchair users. The reason for it is that the majority of the cars use combustible condensed gas, and the gas balloon is located in the boot. Because of it there is not always enough room in the boot to put the wheelchair; in addition to this, some drivers refuse to serve such people. It is recommended when calling for a taxi necessarily to notify the service manager that you will need a car where it is possible to put a wheelchair. Cars with a small gas bottle located in the rear part of the boot are convenient for this purpose. Frequently when the wheelchair is put in the boot, it is necessary to leave it semiopen. For such cases it is recommended always to have a strong rope in order to fix the boot.

Visual impairments

Important, including for life of visually impaired people, is the denotation of edges of the platform in underground and railway platforms by a relief bar designated by contrast color. It is necessary, that on all bus, trolleybus, tram stops the schedule should be written on the Braille alphabet. Also it is necessary that in buses, trolley buses, trams should necessarily be announced the names of the stops and number of the paths. Special electronic systems may be also used, which at inquiry of the disabled person from the individual console produce the information on number and route of a vehicle.

In underground it is necessary, that titles of servers on lines, denotation and direction of transitions, at railway stations presence of the schedule of trains, the indexing of platforms and trains should also be doubled on the Braille alphabet.

Hearing impairments

In all sorts of public transport, besides the voice announcing the stops, information diagram boards visually indicating the route should be installed.